Here we present 7 tips that you should keep in mind when creating a presentation.
Before sitting in front of your computer, plan: what you will include in the presentation, how, for what and for whom (it is very important to take into account the group of people to whom you will show the presentation).
If you consider this aspect you will know why it is not advisable to download presentations from the Internet.
- Hierarchy and structure
It is necessary that before starting to develop the presentation you can identify main and secondary ideas. You may find it useful to write them down on a piece of paper. After identifying the main and secondary ideas you must organize them, structure them with a sense. Here it can also be useful to make the structure on a paper.
- Do not present more than one idea per slide
If you need to present more than one idea per slide, use the resources that allow you to present one idea at a time. Dosage the information per slide, do not transcribe everything you are going to say. Slides with too much text bore and make people disperse. It is much better that your presentation illustrious and complements in a visual way what you want to say.
Avoid overloading a slide
It is advisable to use no more than two images per slide; As for the text, you must follow the rule of 6 and 7 by 6 and 7. What does it mean? No more than 6 or 7 lines with no more than 6 or 7 words per line on each slide.
- The type and size of the print must be legible and relevant
Regarding the type of letter, it is advisable to choose the calls dry stick or sans serif (without serif), those that do not have too much adornment (such as Arial, Tahoma, Verdana, Calibri, Gadugi, to name a few).
With respect to size, this will vary due to the type of letter chosen. However, it is advisable to use the following measures: for the text body, no less than 18 nor more than 32 points; for titles, between 36 and 44 points. With regard to relevance, simply bear in mind that there are types of letters that communicate more seriousness than others.
Regarding the letter, we must also bear in mind the following: it uses only one type of font. You can always use typographic variables (bold, size, color) to highlight what you consider relevant.
To emphasize, it is preferable to use typographic variables such as bold, size or color to highlight words.
The use of CAPS and underscores is not recommended in presentations.
- Choose colors and backgrounds that make reading easier
When choosing colors and background you should bear in mind that the most important thing is that it is legible. It does not matter how many colors you use and how beautiful a presentation looks to you: if it is not readable, it does not work (that’s how cruel).
It is advisable to use solid background colors, instead of degraded colors, patterns or images that can make reading difficult. If you want to use frames or images as a background you should highlight the typography by applying shadows or a plate with transparency that allows you to see the background and highlight the text.
- Use effects and transitions that do not distract
Sobriety, that should be the goal if you want to design an effective presentation. This principle should apply to text, color and effects and transitions. Here you must apply the rule of 2:
No more than 2 slide transition effects; If possible, choose the simplest ones.
No more than 2 colors of text.
Avoid the distracting effects on the elements of the slides: it is useless for the text to bounce from one side to the other and do pirouettes if it is not going to be read.
Keep in mind
1- It is not the resource, but what you communicate. The most important thing is the content, what you are going to communicate. Then the resource is chosen and / or designed. In this regard, Edward Tufte points out: “If your words or images are not adequate, changing them does not make them relevant”.
2- There are two types of presentations: as support for orality (resource for teacher and / or student exposure) and as teaching material (for the individual reading of each student). In this post we refer to presentations as support for orality.
3- Presentation as a support to orality is a resource that complements what you want to communicate. When someone reads, they usually do not listen. Therefore, you should design visual presentations with the minimum amount of text possible.